What to expect from school for your kid’s speech therapy?

 

 

When you have a child who has a problem with speech and language, you might be anxious about him adjusting in school. There might be several questions in your mind as to how the child is going to adjust in school, is he going to be bullied by his peer group? Will he get the correct guidance and therapy needed to overcome his problems? These are some questions that every parent has in her mind before their child starts school and when the child is facing a problem in terms of speech and language.

Here some of the expectations that you need to set from school for educational therapy for children.

Help your child to voice his opinions and questions without any fear or inhibition?

A school is a place where the child should be able to speak and voice his questions and opinions without any fear or inhibitions. Teachers need to make sure that children are able to ask questions and give their opinions fearlessly in the class. This should be applicable for children who are facing a problem with language and speech and need extra attention in this area.

Teachers should be able to pay extra attention to the child’s communications skills and interaction in the classroom

If you expect that the teacher is going to pay attention to how your child interacts in the child and share progress reports with you over time about the child’s language and speech development, it is a correct expectation to have. Teacher should be able to keenly observe children with special needs and be able to give them an extra push and a little extra attention in order to help the child develop and build confidence to talk without any inhibitions and problems.

Break down information especially for your child.

Children who are affected with speech and language problems are unable to assimilate and break down information which is complex. Hence teachers need to be able to break the information down and make I simpler for them to understand. Teachers should make repeated attempts to make the child understand what she wants the child to focus on. All this has to be done with patience and kindness keeping in view the condition of the child. This is an expectation which will make your child’s stay at school worthwhile and will help him to slowly come to the standards of other children who do not face any problems pertaining to language and speech.

It is absolutely necessary that the teachers are empathetic, kind and gentle towards your child and his needs

A child who has a problem with language and speech needs to be dealt with a lot patience as it is very difficult for him to understand complex sentences and instructions. A teacher’s attitude towards the child will make or break the child’s future and his possibilities of overcoming this problem over a period of time. If you see that your child’s needs and wants are not met with empathy you need to take appropriate action towards it.

A teacher needs to share with you details of your child’s progress or misses

Since the child spends a lot of time in the school learning and interacting with other children, it is the teacher who needs to come up with progress reports in order to inform you about your child’s development or misses. This is how you will come to know about your child’s interaction with other kids and teachers which is not his comfort zone.

Thus these are some of the expectations that you can have from school.

Tips to help your child concentrate better

 

How much attention a child gives a task also depends on whether he is enjoying himself. Many children struggle when asked to do something they don’t want to do. “The first time you introduce an activity that is more important to you than to your child, you are testing your creativity and flexibility as a parent and teacher. More tips to help your child concentrate better can also be found here

To get a child’s attention, parents must also give attention. “It’s easy for a parent to get stuck in a rut. Our attention is often scattered. But if our attention is scattered, and we can’t bring ourselves back to the moment, we can’t expect a child to be able to do so.” Being in close physical proximity while giving clear and concize instructions helps children focus better on what is being said. “The best way to get them to pay attention is to be physically close to the child.
To accomplish any task, you need to be able to concentrate your attention for a time. It is a requirement for learning. Kids not only need to be able to focus on tasks but to stay in the one place long enough so, they can listen to and follow instructions.
Most kids, from time to time, will experience some concentration or focusing difficulties. This is particularly true when they are over–tired, over–stimulated or over–loaded. However, some children due to either their physiology or psychology have greater difficulty focusing on tasks and people than others. Either they find settling into or starting a task a problem, or they lose focus easily and leave tasks half done.
There are many things you can do at home to impact on children’ concentration levels. Like any skill, concentration can be enhanced and made automatic. The trick to effective concentration is to know what to concentrate on and what to filter out.
Here are five ideas you can use to help kids to concentrate better:
• Attend to their physiological needs: Most children and teenagers concentrate best after nine hours sleep so make sure they get sufficient sleep. Reduce sugar intake and increase protein levels with lean meat, almonds and eggs. This stimulates their dopamine levels which make concentration easier, particularly for lethargic kids. Frequent breaks for exercise have a similar effect.
• Remove distractions at home: List the distractions at home that may prevent your child from concentrating. These include; noise, people, lighting, fighting, fatigue and hunger. List ways to eliminate or reduce and work at them systematically.
• Create the mood for concentration: Calming background music, placing a fish tank (with fish) in a place of work and removal of fluorescent lights are some simple ways to make the environment more amenable for concentration. These strategies have been used successfully in overcoming concentration problems in many ‘boy–friendly’ schools.
• Introduce sequencing and organization activities: The link between sequencing and concentration is a strong one. Following recipes, setting the table and putting things in alphabetical order are great activities for kids whose have concentration difficulties. Board and card games (such as Concentration!!) promote children’s ability to focus on tasks as well.
• Figure out what activities your child focuses on best: Some kids concentrate better when they are involved in hands–on activities, while others focus better when there are plenty of visual cues to help them. That’s why teachers use hand signals such as hands on heads, and fingers on lips to indicate quiet. Look for activities that your child gets lost in; those activities that they can spend spend hours in. These activities enhance children’s concentration levels.
Like any skill, concentration can be improved and made automatic. Anyone who has learned to drive a car will have had the experience of thinking, “How will I concentrate on all these things?” Extensive practice allows for the pathways of concentration.
It helps before you begin to assist kids to concentrate better if you pay close attention to their pattern of concentration and see if there are links between diet, their energy pattern, sleep and your behaviours.

Going to a Kindergarten in Singapore

The luckiest thing to happen to you in life is, I think, to have a happy childhood, such wise words by Agatha Christie. We operate on this principle. This article will help you decide and also illuminate all points no other kindergarten school will tell you while you make this important decision.

The beginning:

If you are on this page you are probably wondering why sending your child to kindergarten is important? Which school is the best kindergarten in Singapore for your child?

This is the beginning of your childs educational career and you want it to provide them with the best one. Well, look no further. We have all the necessary equipment to help your child start. You dont have to take our word. Come and visit us. See for yourself what we have to offer. We guarantee that you will be recommending us to other parents as well.

Definition of kindergarten:

The proper definition of kindergarten is a school that offers a 3-year pre-school program, for the children between the ages of 3 and 6. Usually, kindergarten in Singapore offer a five-day package with at least two sessions per day.

Rules and regulations:

1. For Kindergarten schools:

Kindergartens in Singapore have a very specific set of requirements for the schools, which have been stated below.

There are very hard and fast rules that are followed as this journey embarks the future of the child.

The curriculum of the school and its teachers are the two main things that need to be up to date and efficient.

The curriculum is to be comprehensive and holistic and to include courses that help develop language skills and literacy; numeric skills; and social awareness.

An education plan has been submitted that states the learning outcomes, teaching methodology, class schedules, resources and materials.

It is a must for teachers to possess a GCE O level certificate with a minimum of 5 passes including a B4 in the English Language as the first language and also a certificate in Early Childhood Care and Education Teaching is necessary.

Kindergartens in Singapore will have the same school holiday as the primary school.

2. For the children to be admitted:

Age criteria.

Kindergartens in Singapore only admit children that are between the ages of 3years to 6 years old.

Timings.

Kindergartens are typically for three hours a day. They may, however, be from 8 am to 11 am or from 12 pm to 3 pm.

Fee structure.

School fee is not subsided. However, you can apply for financial assistance if your household income does not a exceed certain limit.

Transportation:

When considering the kindergarten choices for your child , do not forget to factor in transportation costs, time, and weather. You can expect to pay $3,000-4,000 SGD for private minivan or bus transport per year.

Afternoon session can be a standard option, but please remember that the Singapore sun is most exhausting from 10 am to around 3 pm so plan accordingly.

Finally, the rainy season in Singapore begins in late November through most of December.

If you plan for your children to walk or bike to school, you may need to make other arrangements like the occasional taxi ride, which ever you prefer, during the rainy season or invest in rain gear and pack changes of clothes. Children under 7 can travel on public transport for free, so take note of that option as you plan.

Finally, some bus services make, many stops and may take longer and begin earlier than you might have considered.

Some families are able to recruit a regular taxi driver to arrange transport to and from school each morning so that is another option to consider depending on your family and budget.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Going to an International Pre-school

All children are born creative. You as parents have to nourish and nurture this creativity by encouraging your children to do something innovative and productive every day. Early childhood education is uncanny in its importance. The social, emotional, and physical development of a toddler has a huge effect on the adult they will turn into one day. So it is of utmost importance that you choose a good pre-school to teach them good moral as well as the values of life. Taking part in a pre-school education for 400 or more days during the ages of 2 -3 has proven to radically improve a childs IQ as they grow older.

Making an investment in your childs early education is like investing in their future well-being. International pre-schools for are designed to provide a mode of education that is more global and all-encompassing. It focuses on enhancing and improving not only the childs intellectual capabilities but also the whole individual. There are many benefits to putting right international preschool for your child .

The curriculum in any international pre-school (IPC) was created to promote cultural harmony by exposing students to progressive and global education. The IPC is designed to promote self-awareness, critical thinking and plurality by exposing the students to other cultures. The International Pre-school System uses inquiry, play, and objective-based learning. It involves:

Motor Skills

Sciences

Language Arts

Creative Arts

Socio-emotional Skills

Numeracy

The IPC also promotes active parent involvement in their childs development.

The Advantages of Choosing an International Pre-school

1. Parental Involvement

Parent Newsletters

These newsletters are designed to involve the parents in their childs educational process. They provide details on what their children are being taught in the classroom and also includes a variety of fun activities that your kids can do at home to continue their learning.

Practical Guides

Practical guides are given out to help you better understand your childs education process. It enables learning to control throughout the day even while away from pre-school. The parents are also provided with daily communication from their childs educators on his/her development.

2. Comprehensive Learning

The IPC uses several teaching methods by providing the students with learning aids such as worksheets, flashcards, and workbooks. All international pre-schools have a great variety of emergency literacy thats designed to improve your childs reading and learning ability.

3. Teacher Support and Training

The staff of all international pre-schools with the IPC curriculum have to first undergo the IPC Teacher Training Course (Designed by teaching fellow from Harvard University), in order to acquire the IPC Teacher Certificate. The educators also have access to various professional development courses as well as consultancy guides. These allow them to better enrich the minds of the young ones and enhance their education.

The Disadvantages of Choosing an International Pre-school

1. Issues with Attention

Although young children benefit from contact and interaction with their peers, the emphasis on group activities may prevent the kids from getting the individual attention that they crave and need.

2. Inconvenient Regulations

Rules are great and they help keep the peace. But sometimes, these same rules can be inconvenient for you as a parent.

3. Additional Fees

If youre late for a pickup, you might have to pay additional fees to compensate for your tardiness. If your child is sick, you might have to take a sick day yourself in order to stay home and take care of him/her.

4. Inflexibility

A set curriculum may not leave room for your child to learn and explore at her own pace. Look for a school that has a flexible schedule for the children.

Now that you are informed on all the pros and cons of international pre-school, make a wise decision when it comes to your childs education. Youre building your childs foundation for the future. Make sure its a strong one.

 

IMPORTANCE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD INTERVENTION

Early intervention services are intended to provide families who have children with developmental disabilities or delays with support and resources to maximize the childs abilities while respecting family decisions and cultures. Services are provided at the state or local level, and often can be arranged through the local school system.

The earlier a child receives services to address the effects of hearing loss, the more time there is to influence positive learning outcomes.

Early intervention for psychosis seeks to limit the negative impact that psychosis may have on a person’s life and to ensure optimal recovery. A whole set of specialized early psychosis treatments and services have been developed that are based on scientific evidence of their usefulness. These treatments and services aim to:

Provide treatment as quickly as possible to reduce the length of time psychosis remains untreated

Limit the suffering and negative effects of psychotic symptoms

Facilitate a rapid recovery

Provide age-appropriate supports that minimize disruption to the young person’s life and enable them to more successfully meet the developmental challenges of youth and young adulthood

Support individuals in the pursuit of their academic, vocational and social goals

Decrease negative impact of psychosis on families and engage with them throughout treatment

Achieve the best short and long term outcomes possible

Lower risk of relapse and the need for hospitalization

Preserve and develop psychosocial skills, family, and social supports

Reduce associated problems such as depression and substance use problems

Promote recovery, stability, self-determination and personal fulfillment

As with every aspect of raising your child, your full commitment and involvement in an early intervention plan are vital to the success of your child. Even with regular speech therapy, the vast majority of your childs learning will take place with you at home. At every stage of your early intervention services, make sure you are aware of what things you can do at home to continue language development.

Early Intervention improves and enhances the development of a child with developmental delays, special needs, or other concerns.

Early Intervention provides assistance and support to empower families of children with developmental delays, special needs, or other concerns.

Early Intervention lays a foundation that will improve the life of the child and offer greater opportunities.

The first three years of your childs life are a vital time for learning. Babies are taking in the sights, sounds, and smells of their environments and toddlers are exploring everything they can touch. If a disability is impeding that education, early intervention can help fill in the gaps and teach key skills.

The application of intensive, early and specialized intervention in children with autism can prove to be quite effective. But what does this all mean? Plainly, it allows autistic individuals access to care at a younger age when the brain and cognitive systems are in their nascent stages of development. The earlier an autistic child receives care, the better his or her prospects for living a fruitful and productive life become.

Early intervention services also have a significant impact on the parents and siblings of an exceptional infant or young child. The family of a young exceptional child often feels disappointment, social isolation, added stress, frustration, and helplessness. The compounded stress of the presence of an exceptional child may affect the family’s well-being and interfere with the child’s development. Families of handicapped children are found to experience increased instances of divorce and suicide, and the handicapped child is more likely to be abused than is a non-handicapped child.

Early intervention can result in parents having improved attitudes about themselves and their child, improved information and skills for teaching their child, and more release time for leisure and employment. Parents of gifted pre-schoolers also need early services so that they may better provide the supportive and nourishing environment needed by the child.

A third reason for intervening early is that society will reap maximum benefits. The child’s increased developmental and educational gains and decreased dependence upon social institutions, the family’s increased ability to cope with the presence of an exceptional child, and perhaps the child’s increased eligibility for employment, all provide economic as well as social benefits.

Why do you need to send your kids to childcare center

Why do you need to send your kids to childcare centre?

Childcare centres are one of the essential necessities for childhood education. Your children need to learn and this learning cannot be done alone in the house. This is why you need professional help and you will find it in the childcare centre Singapore. At a child care centre, your kid will be able to learn a lot of things. The provision of opportunities is the right of kids and they will be provided with several opportunities in the child care centres. Here are some points that will highlight the importance of selecting childcare centre Singapore for your kid:

1.Development of a child’s academic ability:

The first and the most important benefit of a child care is the improvement in the education level of the kids. At a child care centre, they will be able to learn several new concepts with the right equipment and techniques. All these initial concepts will help them in the later life. The importance of basic concepts at an early age cannot be ignored and child care centres play a major role in this.

2.Discipline and getting used to a fixed routine:

The start of the education is quite difficult for the kids. They need a lot of time to get used to of the routine. At a child care centre they will have to follow a specified routine. There are no chances of deviation from that routine. This will include the quality of discipline in kids. They will be able to differentiate between the play time and other activities. The scheduled activities of kids will be quite satisfying for the parents too as they dont have to worry about the development and learning of their child.

3.Communication with adults:

As children have only specified adults in the family with which they interact. Also, they have a family relationship with these adults. It is essential for them to learn the art of interacting with adults they dont know. This is a skill that requires a lot of time and it is essential for boosting their confidence level. At childcare centre Singapore, there will be teachers, instructors and other adults with whom your child will interact. In this way, they will be able to learn the ways they need to consider for communicating their message.

4.Building self confidence in interacting with peers:

Peers are one of the essential segments of your kids life. They need to spend a lot of time with them. This is the only way to which they will be able to learn a lot of things. Spending some quality time with the peers is essential for the effective development of your kids. At childcare centre Singapore your kids will be able to interact with the kids of their age. As a result, they will learn several things in their company. Moreover, they will be provided by play partners as well.

5.Preparing for mainstream programs:

Childcare centre Singapore provides children with the opportunity to experience a smooth transition to the formal educational system. It has been found in several studies that the transition of kids to the formal educational system needs to be smooth. Kids that have not attended any formal Institute take a lot of time to get settled in the kindergarten. Kids that have gone to some child care centres tend to pass the phase quite smoothly.

There are countless benefits of getting your child admitted to childcare centre Singapore. They will be able to develop several abilities and qualities that are otherwise quite difficult to inculcate in them.

THE OBJECTIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

 

Occupational therapy for children is a client -centered health profession concerned with promoting health and wellbeing through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by working with people and communities to enhance their ability to engage in the occupations they want to, need to, or are expected to do, or by modifying the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement.

Visual-perceptual motor skills are another area of emphasis in occupational therapy. These skills refer to children’s physical responses to visual stimulation. Such skills are later used for activities such as reading from left to right or copying from the blackboard. During occupational therapy treatment, the OTR introduces activities that begin to challenge a child’s visual-perceptual performance skills. Activities such as finding hidden pictures (figure/ground), bingo and lotto (visual scanning), concentration or memory card games (visual memory and matching), and block design replication (visual-spatial relations) address different aspects within the area of visual-perceptual motor skills.

Another area of occupational therapy intervention is self-care skills, such as eating, getting dressed, using the toilet, and bathing. Occupational therapy deals with self-feeding, the hand-to-mouth action of eating. It also deals with eating, including chewing and swallowing, which involves functions and dysfunctions of the oral musculature (muscles). OTRs also focus on the relationship of the swallowing mechanisms to the various textures of food.

Although OTRs often provide treatment in the areas of feeding, in many educational programs or clinics oral motor functioning is an area of specialization for speech and language pathologists. In this case, the OTR and speech and language pathologist address feeding dysfunctions as a team because self-feeding is an area of adaptation rather than remediation. The OTR often plays an active role in obtaining any adaptive equipment that is needed. For example, assistive equipment may include “built-up” utensils (thicker than normal) and spill-proof cups. The OTR focuses on proper positions that help children to function well while sitting. Appropriate positioning is crucial for promoting eating skills and helping to prevent choking. The OTR also provides recommendations about the types of foods that are safe for children to eat without choking.

If a child is experiencing feeding difficulties, the OTR working with the child offers suggestions regarding the mealtime experience based on the individual needs of the child. These recommendations are based on tests that have been completed, as well as clinical observations. The child’s OTR often provides a program of therapeutic techniques for the parents or caregivers to use at home.

An OTR works with parents and staff to help a child develop other self-care skills. Children with disabilities like autism frequently take longer to dress and undress. A therapist may suggest routines and help to establish a time to work on developing self-care skills. Dressing requires a great deal of muscle coordination. It also requires balance and control of muscle tension. The OTR frequently provides guidance on how to help a child relax and best position a child before dressing the child or helping the child get dressed. The OTR might also provide suggestions about the type of clothing best suited for self-care.

Eating Difficulties that May Be Helped by Occupational Therapy

1. Diminished head and trunk control;

2. Oral hyper- or hypo-sensitivity to stimulation.

3. Jaw thrusta strong protrusion of the lower jaw;

4. Tongue thrustforceful protrusion of the tongue when sucking, spoon- feeding, chewing, or drinking from a cup;

5. Tonic bite reflexa forceful closing of the jaw on stimulation to the teeth and gums (hypersensitivity);

6. Lip retraction (called purse string)extension of the lips into a tight horizontal line;

7. Tongue retractiona strong pulling back of the tongue into the throat (the pharynx), where it is held against the palate;

8. Jaw retractionthe jaw is pulled back, preventing the alignment of the upper and lower teeth during feeding;

9. Weak or inefficient sucking patterns.

10. Poor lip closureneeded to remove food from a spoon;

11. Poor tongue lateralizationthe inability to move food adequately inside the mouth from side to side;

12. Poor chewing technique;

13. Excessive mucus or saliva secretions.

Occupational therapy aims to assist the patient to solve the above aliments and an important key is to always go for for check ups early and start therapy early.